Ongoing harvests are improving households’ access to produce and payment for in-kind labor, while falling market prices are improving households’ purchasing power in the market. Nevertheless, many poor households continue to face the consequences of stress (IPC Phase 2) and crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the states of Darfur, Blue Nile, Kordofan, Kassala and Red Sea. Intercommunal conflicts that interfere with income opportunities and access to food. Many of these areas will continue to face higher than normal humanitarian food assistance needs during the harvest season. The Abyei region is expected to continue to result in a state of emergency (IPC Phase 4) among IDPs and conflict-affected people due to ongoing conflict, displacement, and inaccessibility to markets and livelihood activities.
Across Sudan, harvesting of the main cash crops sesame and peanuts has been completed in rain-fed and irrigated sectors. In addition, cotton and sunflower harvests are nearly complete in the irrigated sectors of central and eastern Sudan, and grain harvests are nearly complete in the traditional semi-mechanized rain-fed sectors of Darfur, Kordofan and the White Nile. and Gadarev. Field information from the ongoing Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM) indicates that farmers are concerned that, in addition to anxiety, pest infestation, and livestock, high costs of harvesting inputs, labor, and transportation add to the harvesting process. It reports that this is the main constraint it faces. In particular, the semi-mechanized traditional rain-fed sectors of Kordofan, Darfur and the White Nile have suffered. Overall, the national harvest is expected to be close to his five-year average.
Winter wheat planting was completed in November in the major wheat producing areas of central and northern Sudan. Wheat harvest is scheduled for March 2023 to his April. Ongoing field information from his CFSAM shows that planted acreage is well below average due to shortages and high costs of agricultural inputs, limited access to agricultural finance, and high production costs in 2023. Absence of government commitments to purchase wheat produced from farmers as usual. The planted area of the Al Jazeera Irrigation Project, Sudan’s main wheat producing area, is estimated at 87,185 feddans, less than 25% of last year’s planted area and the five-year average. Significantly below average wheat plantings will result in above average wheat import requirements in 2023.
Sorghum and millet prices continue to fall through November-December 2022, and main season yields are expected to be close to average. As of the third week of December, sorghum and millet retail prices have fallen by 5-10% compared to his November. Domestic wheat prices were flat or slightly higher in most markets due to a significant reduction in planted acreage and expected below-average wheat production during the ongoing winter. In general, grain prices are 150-200% higher than December 2021 and remain more than 5-6 times higher than the five-year average. This is due to high production and transportation costs and SDG depreciation. Prices may continue to fall until February 2022, the end of the harvest season, but may remain above average throughout the harvest season.
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